St. Ethelbert, King of KentBorn, 552; died, 24 February, 616; son of Eormenric, through whom he was descended from Hengest.
In the interval between Ethelbert’s defeat by Ceawlin and the arrival of the Roman missionaries, the death of the Wessex king had left Ethelbert, at least virtually, supreme in southern Britain, and his baptism, which took place on Whitsunday next following the landing of Augustine (2 June, 597) had such an effect in deciding the minds of his wavering countrymen that as many as 10,000 are said to have followed his example within a few months.
|The Conversion of St Ethelbert by St. Augustine. Detail of a mosaic by Clayton & Bell in the chapel of St Gregory and St Augustine in Westminster Cathedral.|
When St. Mellitus had converted Sæbert, King of the East Saxons, whose capital was London, and it was proposed to make that see the metropolitan, Ethelbert, supported by Augustine, successfully resisted the attempt, and thus fixed for more than nine centuries the individual character of the English church. He left three children, of whom the only son, Eadbald, lived and died a pagan.